Prachi Valley Mourns Losses of Its Pride – Mohapatra Nilamani Sahu
Noted Odia writer Mohapatra Nilamani Sahu is no more. He died at the age of 90 today at a private hospital in Bhubaneswar. We all from Prachi Valley Development Forum pay rich tribute to the pride of Prachi Valley.
Mohapatra Nilamani Sahu was born on 22nd December 1926 at Niali village of Prachi River valley area in Cuttack district. He started his career as a Lecturer in Oriya literature. In the post-independence period, he is known as a best story-writer.
He is adorned with different awards for his favourite short stories which have been admired by scholars and general public. These include ‘AKASHA PATATA’ story book for which he received Orissa Sahitya Akademi Award in 1979. For his story edition titled ‘ABHISAPTA GANDHARVA’ in 1983, he received Sarala Award and again in 1984 he was adorned Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award for the same book. His story editions include PREMA TRIBHUJA published in 1952, MICHHA BAGHA in 1955, SRUNANTU SARBE AMRUTASYA PUTRA IN 1957, GANJEI O’ GABESANA IN 1961, ‘RANU APA THARU PUSHI PARJYANTA’, ‘ANDHA RATIRA SURYA’, (1965), ‘ANYA RUPA RUPANTARA’, ‘AKASHA PATALA’, ‘ABHISAPTA GANDHARBA’, ‘PINGALA SE ANYA JANE’, ‘KAPOTA PAKHI GURU MORA’, ‘SUMITRARA HASA’, ‘BISHNU MAYA’, ‘MICHHA BAGHA’, PAPA O’ MUKTI’, ‘SE KALA PAKHALA’, ‘BRUNDABANARA SESHA DHUPA’, JA DEVI SAMA GRUHESU, GALPA BICHITRA, NIBEDITARA NAISYABHISARA. His novels include DHARA O DHARA, TAMASI RADHA, HANSA MITHUNA. His criticism books include ‘SAHITYARA KATHA O RAMYA RACHANA SAHITYARA PARABAR.
Sobhanesvar Siva Temple, located on left bank of the river Prachi near Niali in Cuttack district of Odisha is believed to be built during the Ganga rule in Odisha possibly during the reign of Anangabhima Deva-II (A.D. 1190-98). The architectural and sculptural features assign the temple to the 12th century A.D. However, an inscription on the eastern wall of the Jagamohana records that the temple was built by a Nagavamsi king named Vaidyanatha, most likely a vassal of the Ganga rulers and he possibly renovated/ repaired or maintained the temple after the fall of the Gangas. Originally the care takers of this temple were, the Gangas, followed by the Nagavamsi king Vaidyanatha but now it is under the Orissa State Archaeology and declared as a protected monument
Presently the temple has two blocks- Vimana and Jagamohana but originally there were Nandimandapa and Muktimandapa. Both Vimana and Jagamohana are square on plan that stands over a platform of 1.65 meters high. The temple is decorated with architectural designs like chaitya medallion, vajramundi, naga-nagi pilasters, lattice window etc. Sculptural motifs such as divinity like Astadikpalas, Chamunda, Jaina Tirthankara, Ganesa; nayikas (Salabhanjika, Darpana, Alaskanya, Chamara bearer), lingapuja scene, sikshyadana, royal court scene and domestic scenes like women fondling child, nourishing child, women carrying vanity bag, couples, erotic images etc. And Jagrata motifs like the ganthiala, gaja-vidala and nara-vidala are visible on the conjunction of the paga of the outer walls. One can find eight Visnu, one each Varaha and Yama sculptures now housed in a sculpture shed next to the temple constructed by the State Archaeology in 1971-72. Recently, a huge statue of Nandi installed in front of the temple.
Legends embodied in Prachi Mahatmya and Mangala Puran narrate that Lord Sobhanesvar punished one Yogini – Chandra Ghanta and protected Odia sailors (Sadhaba Pua), those were passing through the water route of river Prachi. Since then there is a small temple dedicated to Yogini in the name of Chandra Ghanta Harchandi behind the main Sobhanesvar temple.
Prachi Valley Development Forum seeks state governments attention towards proper maintenance of the temple campus and regular renovation works.
We all from the Prachi River valley region feel proud of note agriculture scientist Dr. Trilochan Mahapatra being appointed as new Director General of Indian Council for Agriculture Research, ICAR and Secretary Department of Agriculture Research and Education, DARE. Earlier, Dr. Mohapatra was posted as Director cum VC of the Indian Agriculre Research Institute, New Delhi. He is born in Prachi River Valley at Kharibili of Erancha GP under Niali block of Cuttack district in Odisha. Prachi Valley Development Forum congratulates him and hope that ICAR & DARE will scale a new height under Dr. Mohapatra’s charismatic leadership.
Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra completed his B.Sc. (Agriculture) from OUAT, Bhubaneswar in 1985, M.Sc. in Genetics from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi in 1987 and Ph.D in Genetics from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi in the year 1992, is presently holding the position of Director of the prestigious Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. Prior to this, he worked as the Director of National Rice Research Institute (Formerly CRRI), Cuttack, Odisha and as a researcher & teacher for about 20 years at the National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India. He has been working in the area of molecular genetics and genomics.
Dr. Mohapatra has over 145 research papers in national and international journals of repute and several book chapters. His research accomplishments include development of the first high yielding Basmati rice variety resistant to bacterial leaf blight through molecular marker assisted selection, and physical mapping and genome sequencing of rice and tomato. His contribution to science is reflected from high h-index and i10 index.
He has the distinction of receiving several honours and awards in recognition of his excellent academic and research contributions including the INSA Young Scientist Award, Prof. LSS Kumar Memorial Award, NAAS-Tata Award, IARI BP Pal Award, DBT Bio-science Award and NASI-Reliance Industries Platinum Jubilee Award. He also got the recognition Award of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences for the biennium 2013-14 for significant contributions in Plant Improvement and Lifetime Achievement Award of the Indian Genetics Congress in recognition of outstanding contribution in the field of Plant Genetic. He is a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, National Academy of Sciences-India, Allahabad and the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi.
The famous Madhava Temple, dedicated to lord Vishnu is located on the left bank of river Prachi in Niali block of Cuttack district, Orissa. Belongs to 13th century and was built by Eastern Ganga dynasty, this temple is a protected monuments declared by Archaeological Survey of India. The Temple is built in Pancharatha design. Three buildings, namely Vimana, Jagamohana and Natamandapa. The Vimana is of Rekha Deula, Jagamohana is of Pidha deula and the Natamandapa is flat-roofed and renovated by Archaeological Survey of India. The motifs are of different serpents, naayikas, devatas etc. The architecture of this temple is very much similar to that of Sakshigopal Temple of Puri and Ananta Vasudev temple of Bhubaneswar. You can find the images of Dasa-Avatar of Vishnu, a big Sudarshan Chakra made up of Black granite stone and also the image of Ananta Sayana of lord Vishnu in the walls of Jagamohana and Natamandapa. The outer walls of the temple are carved with beautiful old Pauranic images from Krishna Lila & Mahabharata. Some erotic carvings can also be found on the outer wall of the temple.
The presiding deity, Madhava is different to other Madhava images found in entire Prachi Valley . The upper left arm holds Gada, lower left Sudarshana Chakra, upper right full blown Lotus and lower right Conch. In the Jagamohana a rare image of Durga is found. She is worshipped as the sister of Madhava. Many festivals like Janmashtami, Ekadashi and special festivals in Maagha andVaishakha month are observed here. The main attraction here is the very old idol of Garuda which is made of black sand stone. This temple is known as Uncle’s home of Lord Jagannath of Puri and many rituals of the Jagannath Temple is associated with Niali Madhava temple.
Funded by the 13th Financial Commission, Govt. of India, presently, the renovation work of the temple is underway with the help of the INTACH Odisha chapter and the Department of Culture, Govt. of Odisha.
Madhava temple representing ‘Kalingan’ style of architecture belongs to 13th century A.D. requires a very sensitive and sympathetic approach for the conservation work. The necessary consolidation, stabilization work and appropriate development of the immediate surroundings have been going on at a snail’s pace. Prachi Valley Development Forum urges the concerned departments, officials and local politicians to ensure speedy and strong renovation work along with a heritage promotion plan for Prachi Valley Tourism.
PVDF organises “Let’s Go to School”
As part of the newly started ” Let’s Go to School ” campaign, Prachi Valley Development Forum (PVDF) in association with the Local Youth Career Square (Lyc-Square) held a campus clean up drive at Gobabast High School, Cuttack, Odisha on 27 May, Wednesday.Besides cleaning up the school campus the members of PVDF, Lyc-Square and Gobabast High School alumnae interacted with the children & teachers.
” Let’s Go to School ” programme is designed to revisit old memories of school days with the joy of giving attributions. Since most of the old students never revisit their schools after passed away, PVDF designed the concept of ” Let’s Go to School ” to associate the old students for the betterment of their school environment, students and the teaching-learning process. It is also intended to attach community members in improving school conditions and enrichment of talents hidden among the school students. PVDF is also planning to organize seminars, counselling sessions and various competitions for the students in future.
The 1st ” Let’s Go to School ” programme completely used social media in communicating with the community members and alumnae and earned huge response from the local youth masses. The event was attended by more than 20 alumnae and PVDF- Lyc Square members. We have also planning to expand our ” Let’s Go to School ” programme in the entire Prachi valley region of Cuttack, Puri, Khurda and Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha.